The Dream-Vision: 1-5 Third Period â€” from Alexander the Great to the Graeco-Syrian Domination. 6-12 Fourth Period â€” from the Graeco-Syrian Domination to the Maccabæan Revolt. 13-19 The Last Assault of the Gentiles on the Jews (where vv. 13-15 and 16-18 are doublets). 20-27 Judgement of the Fallen Angels, the Shepherds, and the Apostates. 28-38 The New Jerusalem, the Conversion of the surviving Gentiles, the Resurrection of the Righteous, the Messiah.
nd I observed during the time, that thus thirty-seven (123)
shepherds were overlooking, all of whom finished in their respective periods as the first. Others then received them into their hands, that they might overlook them in their respective periods, every shepherd in his own period.
(123) Thirty-seven. An apparent error for thirty-five (see verse 7). The kings of Judah and Israel (Laurence, p. 139).
Afterwards I saw in the vision, that all the birds of heaven arrived; eagles, the avest, kites and ravens. The eagle instructed them all. They began to devour the sheep, to peck out their eyes, and to eat up their bodies.
The sheep then cried out; for their bodies were devoured by the birds. I also cried out, and groaned in my sleep against the shepherd which overlooked the flock.
And I looked, while the sheep were eaten up by the dogs, by the eagles, and by the kites. They neither left them their body, nor their skin, nor their muscles, until their bones alone remained; until their bones fell upon the ground. And the sheep became diminished.
I observed likewise during the time, that twenty-tree shepherds (124)
were overlooking; who completed in their respective periods fifty-eight periods.
(124) The kings of Babylon, etc., during and after the captivity. The numbers thirty-five and twenty-three make fifty-eight; and not thirty-seven, as erroneously put in the first verse (Laurence, p. 139).
Then were small lambs born of those white sheep; who began to open their eyes and to see, crying out to the sheep.
The sheep, however, cried not out to them, neither did they hear what they uttered to them; but were deaf, blind, and obdurate in the greatest degrees.
I saw in the vision that ravens flew down upon those lambs; That they seized one of them; and that tearing the sheep in pieces, they devoured them.
I saw also, that the horns grew upon those lambs; and that the ravens lighted down upon their horns. I saw, too, that a large horn sprouted out on an animal among the sheep, and that their eyes were opened.
He looked at them. Their eyes were wide open; and he cried out to them. Then the dabela (125)
saw him; all of whom ran to him.
(125) Dabela. The ibex, probably symbolizing Alexander the Great (Laurence, p. 140).
And besides this, all the eagles, the avest, the ravens and the kites, were still carrying off the sheep, flying down upon them, and devouring them. The sheep were silent, but the dabela lamented and cried out.
Then the ravens contended, and struggled with them. They wished among them to break his horn; but they prevailed not over him.
I looked on them, until the shepherds, the eagles, the avest, and the kites came. Who cried out to the ravens to break the horn of the dabela; to contend with him; and to kill him. But he struggled with them, and cried out, that help might come to him.
Then I perceived that the man came who had written down the names of the shepherds, and who ascended up before the Lord of the sheep. He brought assistance, and caused every one to see him descending to the help of the dabela.
I perceived likewise that the Lord of the sheep came to them in wrath, while all those who saw him fled away; all fell down in his tabernacle before his face;
while all the eagles, the avest, ravens, and kites assembled, and brought with them all the sheep of the field. All came together, and strove to break the horn of the dabela.
Then I saw, that the man, who wrote the book at the word of the Lord, opened the book of destruction, of that destruction which the last twelve shepherds (126)
wrought; and pointed out before the Lord of the sheep, that they destroyed more than those who preceded them.
(126) The native princes of Judah after its delivery from the Syrian yoke.
I saw also that the Lord of the sheep came to them, and taking in his hand the sceptre of his wrath seized the earth, which became rent asunder; while all the beasts and birds of heaven fell from the sheep, and sunk into the earth, which closed over them.
I saw, too, that a large sword was given to the sheep, who went forth against all the beasts of the field to slay them. But all the beasts and birds of heaven fled away from before their face.
And I saw a throne erected in a delectable land; Upon this sat the Lord of the sheep, who received all the sealed books; Which were open before him.
Then the Lord called the first seven white ones, and commanded them to bring before him the first of the first stars, which preceded the stars whose form partly resembled that of horses; the first star, which fell down first; and they brought them all before him.
And he spoke to the man who wrote in his presence, who was one of the seven white ones, saying, Take those seventy shepherds, to whom I delivered up the sheep, and who
receiving them killed more of them than I commanded.
Behold, I saw them all bound, and standing before him.
First came on the trial of the stars, which, being judged, and found guilty, went to the place of punishment. They thrust them into a place
, deep, and full of flaming fire, and full of pillars of fire.
Then the seventy shepherds were judged, and being found guilty, were thrust into the flaming abyss.
At that time likewise I perceived, that one abyss was thus opened in the midst of the earth, which was full of fire. And to this were brought the blind sheep; which being judged, and found guilty, were all thrust into that abyss of fire on the earth, and burnt. The abyss was on the right of that house.
And I saw the sheep burning, and their bones consuming.
I stood beholding him immerge that ancient house, while they brought out its pillars, every plant in it, and the ivory infolding it. They brought it out, and deposited it in a place on the right side of the earth.
I also saw, that the Lord of the sheep produced a new house, great, and loftier than the former, which he bound by the former circular spot. All its pillars were new, and its ivory new, as well as more abundant than the former ancient ivory
, which he had brought out.
And while all the sheep which were left were in the midst of it, all the beasts of the earth, and all the birds of heaven, fell down and worshipped them, petitioning them, and obeying them in everything.
Then those three, who were clothed in white, and who, holding me by my hand, had before caused me to ascend, while the hand of him who
spoke held me; raised me up, and placed me in the midst of the sheep, before the judgment took place.
The sheep were all white, with wool long and pure.
Then all who had perished, and had been destroyed, every beast of the field, and every bird of heaven, assembled in that house: while the Lord of the sheep rejoiced with great joy, because all were good, and had come back again to his dwelling.
And I saw that they laid down the sword which had been given to the sheep, and returned it to his house, sealing it up in the presence of the Lord. All the sheep would have been inclosed in that house, had it been capable of containing them;
and the eyes of all were open, gazing on the good One; nor was there one among them who did not behold him.
I likewise perceived that the house was large, wide, and extremely full.
I saw, too, that a white cow was born, whose horns were great; and that all the beasts of the field, and all the birds of heaven, were alarmed at him, and entreated him at all times.
Then I saw that the nature of all of them was changed, and that they became white cows; And that the first, who
was in the midst of them, spoke, when that word became (127)
a large beast, upon the head of which were great and black horns; While the Lord of the sheep rejoiced over them, and over all the cows.
(127) Spoke, when that word came. Or "was a wild-ox, and that wild-ox wasâ€¦" (Knibb, p. 216).
I lay down in the midst of them: I awoke; and saw the whole.
This is the vision which I saw, lying down and waking. Then I blessed the Lord of righteousness, and gave glory to Him.
Afterwards I wept abundantly, nor did my tears cease, so that I became incapable of enduring it. While I was looking on, they flowed on account of what I saw; for all was come and gone by; every individual circumstance respecting the conduct of mankind was seen by me.
In that night I remembered my former dream; and therefore wept and was troubled, because I had seen that vision.
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